The Importance of Vitamins in Child Development

Breast milk and infant formula milk contains all the nutrients necessary for proper development of

Breast milk and infant formula milk contains all the nutrients necessary for proper development of your child. They contain proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins and minerals. When your baby grows, these nutrients are supplied by a varied and balanced diet. Discover in detail the usefulness of each nutrient in the growth of your baby.
Soft drinks in small doses
As a drink only water is essential for your child. However, the juice can be offered from time to time to extend the range of tastes. Generally, fresh fruit juice contains nutrients: vitamins and minerals, in particular.
Very sweet drinks such as soft drinks or syrups have no nutritional value: they have no vitamins or minerals. Note that 200 ml of juice is equal to 4 pieces of sugar! These drinks should be avoided by a child because may cause long-term decay and overweight.
Zinc, an essential trace element for growth
Zinc is important for developing of natural defense system and is involved in many enzymatic reactions. This is essential for harmonious growth of the child and is found mainly in meat, dairy products, but also in cereals. Is involved in the development of the immune system and thus contributes to the proper functioning of the child’s natural defense. He takes part in the activity of over 200 enzymes. Daily Zinc is essential for child, even if it is present in small quantities in the body.
Carbohydrates (sugars), the body’s fuel
Carbohydrates provide the energy our body needs daily to function properly. Foods that contain natural sugars (fruits, grains, legumes, milk …) should be eaten every day. However, it is advisable to limit intake of added sugars, such as cakes or chocolate, for example!
Fiber: undigested complex carbohydrates
Soluble fibers have a prebiotic effect on the health of intestinal flora and stimulate calcium absorption. In addition, some of them contribute to a good seat consistency. Fruits and vegetables are an excellent source of fiber. In fact, the cell walls of plants are particularly rich in fiber. This is one of the reasons that should be consumed every day, plus they provide vitamins and minerals.
Proteins have many functions in the body
Proteins are made of amino acids. They form the tissues of the body, such as muscles and skin, but also have many other functions: enzymes, antibodies and hormones, among others, are also proteins. In the first weeks of life proteins are procured from milk. They are involved in muscle growth and development.
Calcium, an important mineral for bone development
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, and is 99% located in bone associated with some phosphorus. He contributes to a child’s proper development of bones and acts with vitamin D. From 0 to 3 years baby’s growth is fast and therefore need to be given recommended doses of calcium and vitamin D.
By 6 months, child had extracted calcium from milk. When he grows up, additional sources of calcium are dairy products, preferably and suitable for young children because they contain, in addition to calcium, other minerals such as iron, and the correct amount of protein. Finally, note that some mineral and some vegetables also contain calcium, but in small quantities.
Iron, an essential trace element for the immune system
Iron is an essential trace element in the body. It is involved, especially in the formation of hemoglobin, the protein found in the blood and carry oxygen to the cells. It is essential for the immune system and helps child brain development and cognitive development. You should know that between 20 and 30% of children have iron deficiencies before 3 years. In extreme cases, this deficiency can lead to anemia.
Foods richest in iron are meat, fish, eggs, dairy desserts suitable for young children, vegetables (including legumes, but not before 18 months), infant cereal. Note that, on average, only 10 to 25% of iron is absorbed from food.
Magnesium for bone health
Magnesium helps bone development. But this is not all: it is also important for energy metabolism and muscle function. Where do we find it? In whole grains, mineral water, lentils.
Together with calcium, magnesium contributes to the development of strong bones. It is essential for the proper functioning of the body, participating in more than 300 enzymatic reactions and is especially important for energy metabolism (contributing to metabolic reactions of carbohydrates, fats and proteins) and muscle function (e.g. muscle contraction).
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